Unilateral Placement – Parents may decide to place their child who has an educational disability in a private program that is not part of the public education system. This is typically referred to as a unilateral placement. If the local education agency or school district has made a free and appropriate public education available to the child, the IDEA states that school districts are not responsible for paying for private programs when parents have made a unilateral placement.
Universal Newborn Hearing Screening (UNHS) – A concept that supports the screening of all newborns for potential hearing loss.
Unilateral Hearing Loss – A mild to profound loss of hearing in only one ear. Unilateral loss is now
Universal Screening – A step taken by school personnel early in the school year to determine which students are “at risk” for not meeting grade level standards. Universal screening can be accomplished by reviewing a student’s recent performance on state or district tests or by administering an academic screening to all students in a given grade. Students whose scores on the screening fall below a certain cut-off point are identified as needing continued progress monitoring and possibly more intensive interventions.
Usher Syndrome – Hereditary disease that affects hearing and vision and sometimes balance. The major symptoms of Usher syndrome are hearing loss and an eye disorder called retinitis pigmentosa, or RP. RP causes night-blindness and a loss of peripheral vision (side vision) through the progressive degeneration of the retina. The retina is a light-sensitive tissue at the back of the eye and is crucial for vision. As RP progresses, the field of vision narrows—a condition known as “tunnel vision”—until only central vision (the ability to see straight ahead) remains. Many people with Usher syndrome also have severe balance problems.
There are three clinical types of Usher syndrome: type 1, type 2, and type 3. In the United States, types 1 and 2 are the most common types. Together, they account for approximately 90 to 95 percent of all cases of children who have Usher syndrome.
(source: National Institute on Deafness and Other Communication Disorders (NIDCD), USA)This list is not an exhaustive list of terms in the field, but rather, is meant to provide reference for some of the words you may find in our blogs.