P

Parent Consent – Special education term used by IDEA that states the parent has been fully informed in his or her native language or other mode of communication of all the information about the action for which the parent is giving consent and that the parent understands and agrees in writing to that action.

Parent-Infant Program – A program of parent education and infant/toddler intervention which stresses early exposure to language and attention to developmental processes that enhance the learning of language. Some programs include early exposure to amplification and the use of hearing aids to stimulate the auditory channel.

Parosmia – Any disease or perversion of the sense of smell, especially the subjective perception of odors that do not exist.

Perception (Hearing) – Process of knowing or being aware of information through the ear.

Perilymph Fistula – Leakage of inner ear fluid to the middle ear that occurs without apparent cause or that is associated with head trauma, physical exertion, or barotrauma.

Perseveration – Repetition of the same word behavior or thought, especially when it is interfering with functionality. May be seen with PDD or aphasia.

Personal frequency modulation (FM) systems are like miniature radio stations operating on special frequencies. The personal FM system consists of a transmitter microphone used by the speaker (such as the teacher in the classroom, or the speaker at a lecture) and a receiver used by you, the listener. The receiver transmits the sound to your ears or, if you wear a hearing aid, directly to the hearing aid.

Personal FM systems are useful in a variety of situations, such as in a classroom lecture, in a restaurant, in a sales meeting, or in a nursing home or senior center.

FM systems are also used in theaters, places of worship, museums, public meeting places, corporate conference rooms, convention centers, and other large areas for gathering. In these situations, the microphone/transmitter is built into the overall sound system. You are provided with an FM receiver that can connect to your hearing aid or cochlear implant. The receiver can also connect to a headset if you don’t wear a hearing aid.

(definition from the American Speech-Language Hearing Association)

Pervasive Developmental Disorders – Disorders characterized by delays in several areas of development that may include socialization and communication.

Phonological Disorder – A speech disorder in which the child’s speech has a pattern of errors.  The child is using rules to put sounds together to develop words, however they are not the traditional rules of the language.  Children with phonological disorders are usually very difficult to understand.  Many of them have good success with speech therapy.

Phonological Awareness – The awareness of sounds in words both when listening and reading.  Phonological awareness has been shown to be a very strong indicator in the success of a child learning to read.  Reading programs for children with dyslexia or reading difficulties address this as one component of instructions.  There are several components of phonological awareness which can be taught in the classroom, at home, and in speech/language therapy.  Some of these components include rhyming, counting sounds/syllables in words, and initial sound awareness.

Postlingually Deafened – Individual who becomes deaf after having acquired language.

Primary Speech Signal (also referred to as Target Signal) – speech that the listener needs to, or desires to, hear and understand for communication and/or listening.

Pragmatics – Social language, the rules for how we use language in different contexts (ex: you speak differently to your boss than your best friend). Also related to social interactions. Many children with language delays or PDD have weaknesses in the area pragmatics.

Prelingually Deafened – Persons either born deaf or who lost his or her hearing early in childhood, before acquiring language.

Presbycusis – Loss of hearing that gradually occurs because of changes in the inner or middle ear in individuals as they grow older the type of hearing loss often associated with presbycusis is a sensorineural hearing loss. Learn more about aging and hearing loss.

Pure Tone Audiometry – Refers to the part of a complete hearing evaluation that includes the measuring of air–conduction and bone–conduction thresholds while using non–complex (pure) tones.

This list is not an exhaustive list of terms in the field, but rather, is meant to provide reference for some of the words you may find in our blogs.
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