Labyrinth – Organ of balance located in the inner ear. The labyrinth consists of three semicircular canals and the vestibule.

Labyrinthitis – Viral or bacterial infection or inflammation of the inner ear that can cause dizziness, loss of balance, and temporary hearing loss.

Language – use of a system of symbols to convey meaning. This includes receptive language (what we understand, how we categorize, vocabulary…) and expressive language (what we say and how we say it). Reading is included in receptive language and writing is included in the definition of expressive language.  Children that have difficulty learning to read despite typical intelligence have weaknesses in specific language areas.

Language production – the production of spoken or written language. It describes all of the stages between having a concept, and translating that concept into linguistic form.

Language Sample – A collection of utterances (words, sentences) that can be in the form of a personal story, sequencing events, describing, explaining or others. SLPs often use language samples during assessments, they are an excellent way to get a good picture of a child’s functional language abilities.

Learning to Listen Sounds (LTLS) – Learning to Listen Sounds (Estabrooks, 1994, 2006) is a term used by many Auditory-verbal practitioners and parents to describe a selection of onomatopoeic sounds, words and/or phrases used with children when they are learning to listen and talk.

Least Restrictive Environment (LRE) – To the maximum extent appropriate, children with disabilities are to be educated with children who are not disabled. Special classes, separate schooling or other ways of removing children with disabilities from the regular educational environment should only occur when the nature or severity of the disability is such that education in regular classes cannot be achieved satisfactorily with the use of supplementary aids and services.

Listening Stethoscope – A device used by hearing healthcare professionals to listen to a hearing aid for the purpose of assessing the hearing aid’s performance and adjustments / repairs.

Listening and Spoken Language Specialists (LSLSs) help children who are deaf or hard of hearing develop spoken language and literacy primarily through listening. LSLSs focus on education, guidance, advocacy, family support and the rigorous application of techniques, strategies and procedures that promote optimal acquisition of spoken language through listening by newborns, infants, toddlers and children who are deaf or hard of hearing.

Lipreading – Visually obtaining speech information from the movements of a speaker’s mouth in order to determine what is being said.  See also Speechreading.

Loop System – A type of assistive listening device that utilizes a small neck or large room loop to set up a magnetic field. The system allows for a transfer of a desired signal, with less background noise interference, to a hearing aid or other device using electro–magnetic energy.

LSLSs (see Listening and Spoken Language Specialists above) guide parents in helping their children develop intelligible spoken language through listening and coach them in advocating their children’s inclusion in a mainstream school. Ultimately, parents gain confidence that their children will have access to the full range of educational, social and vocational choices in life.

This list is not an exhaustive list of terms in the field, but rather, is meant to provide reference for some of the words you may find in our blogs.
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