Ear Infection – Presence and growth of bacteria or viruses usually in the middle ear.

Ear Wax (Cerumen) – Yellow secretion from glands in the outer ear canal that keeps the skin of the ear canal dry and protected from infection.

Ear Canal – The external auditory meatus. The hole in the temporal bone that tunnels the sound from the pinna to the ear drum (tympanic membrane).

Eardrum – The tympanic membrane. A thin layer of skin that separates the ear canal from the middle ear cavity. The eardrum converts sound waves into vibrations.

Earhook – A portion of a Behind–The–Ear hearing aid that is designed to bend over the top of the ear and connect the aid’s casing to the tubing.

Earmold – A piece of molded material that fills up some portion of the concha bowl and/or ear canal which is connected via tubing to a behind–the–ear hearing aid for the purposes of holding the tubing in place, sealing the canal, and modifying the sound.

Echolalia – An imitation of words or phrases in a way that is usually not meaningful and can interfere with communication; often seen in children with autism. Echolalia can be immediate or delayed.

Emergent literacy skills provide the foundation upon which a child learns to read and write. They are the precursors to later academic, vocational, and social success.  Included oral language development and early decoding skills (symbol knowledge, phonological awareness, phonemic awareness, book knowledge).

‘The early development of understanding that abstract symbols have meaning and that people use these symbols for communicating ideas.’ (Koenig, 1992, p. 279)

ENG (Electronystagmography) – A special series of tests utilized to evaluate the vestibular system during which eye movements are measured electro physically.

Equilibrium – A body’s ability to maintain physical balance by using vestibular, visual and proprioceptive (sense of touch) input.

Etiology – In hearing terms, the source or cause of a hearing loss.

Eustachian Tube – A small connection between the throat and the middle ear cavity which in the normal human ear system is utilized to equalize the pressure in the middle ear cavity to the pressure in the atmosphere surrounding the body.

Eustachian Tube Dysfunction – When the tube that connects the throat and the middle ear cavity becomes inflamed or blocked. Eustachian tube dysfunction can lead to negative pressure, fluid in the middle ear, and/or middle ear infections.

Exostosis – A bony growth in the ear canal.

External ear – part of the auditory system comprised of the pinna and external auditory meatus.

This list is not an exhaustive list of terms in the field, but rather, is meant to provide reference for some of the words you may find in our blogs.
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