Captioning – Text display of spoken words, presented on a television or a movie screen, that allows deaf or hard–of–hearing viewers to follow the dialogue and the action of a program simultaneously.

Central auditory processing disorders – deficits in the information processing of audible signals not attributed to impaired peripheral hearing sensitivity or intellectual impairment. This information processing involves perceptual, cognitive, and linguistic functions that, with appropriate interaction, result in effective receptive communication of auditorily presented stimuli. Specifically, CAPD refers to limitations in the ongoing transmission, analysis, organization, transformation, elaboration, storage, retrieval, and use of information contained in audible signals. CAPD may involve the listener’s active and passive (e.g., conscious and unconscious, mediated and unmediated, controlled and automatic) ability to do the following: attend, discriminate, and identify acoustic signals; transform and continuously transmit information through both the peripheral and central nervous systems; filter, sort, and combine information at appropriate perceptual and conceptual levels; store and retrieve information efficiently; restore, organize, and use retrieved information; segment and decode acoustic stimuli using phonological, semantic, syntactic, and pragmatic knowledge; and attach meaning to a stream of acoustic signals through use of linguistic and nonlinguistic contexts. (Source: ASHA, 2015)

Cerebral Palsy – A condition that a child is usually born with, that is associated with brain damage, particularly with loss of oxygen to the brain. The child does not have typical muscle tone, many have difficulty with moving around and use a wheelchair or other aid. Usually speech is affected due to the changes in tone.

Cerumen (Ear Wax) – Yellow secretion from glands in the outer ear canal that keeps the skin of the ear canal dry and protected from infection.

Certified Auditory-Verbal Therapist – A certified professional (speech-language pathologist, audiologist, or educator of the deaf) who adheres to the Auditory-Verbal philosophy.

Chemosensory Disorders – Diseases or problems associated with the sense of smell or the sense of taste.

Child with a Disability – A child who has a disability as defined in one of the 13 disability categories in IDEA and who needs special education and related services because of the disability; or a child aged 3 through 9 years who is experiencing developmental delay.

Child Find – Ongoing activities undertaken by states and local school districts to locate, identify and evaluate all children residing in a state who are suspected of having disabilities so that a free and appropriate public education (FAPE) can be made available to all eligible children.

Cholesteatoma – Accumulation of dead cells in the middle ear, caused by repeated middle ear infections.

Cochlea – Snail-shaped structure in the inner ear that contains the organ of hearing.

Cochlear Implant – Medical device that bypasses damaged structures in the inner ear and directly stimulates the auditory nerve, allowing some deaf individuals to learn to hear and interpret sounds and speech.

Cognition – Thinking skills that include perception, memory, awareness, reasoning, judgment, intellect, and imagination.

Completely–In–The–Canal Hearing Aid (a.k.a. CIC Hearing Aid) – A hearing aid that is designed so that most of the electronics are located in the ear canal. The smallest style of hearing aid currently available.

Conductive Hearing Loss – Hearing loss caused by an abnormal transmission of sound in the outer or middle ear. Most common in children.

Congenital Hearing Loss – The presence of hearing loss at or before birth.

This list is not an exhaustive list of terms in the field, but rather, is meant to provide reference for some of the words you may find in our blogs.
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